The significance of the establishment of forests and plantations

The establishment of forests and plantations has primary importance for the economy and society, which is reflected through:

1.  Afforestation of barren land – because forests are destroyed in the past on large expanses, after which the remaining bare lands are subject to various forms of erosion

2.  Preventing erosion – no safer, more durable and cheaper protection against erosion from the forest

3.  Water protection – bare lands have little ability to conserving water and regulating its water runoff. Also, bacteriological, chemical and mechanical composition of the water is the best in forests

4.  Flling after the natural regeneration – in case of failure of natural regeneration is done artificially raising forests (afforestation)

5.  Increasing the productivity of forests and forest quality is reflected through the introduction of fast-growing species in the stands, in order to quickly clean from the tree branches in the main types. Also, in many countries of northern Europe, forests are better artificially restored than naturally

6.  Windbreaker belts – were built to protect from the wind; there are also snowbreak belts, to prevent snow drifts on the roads

7.  Ennoble space in the urban areas, spas, recreational centers, etc.

 

Basic terms:

  • Forest culture is artificially raised young forest, afforestation or artificial rejuvenation.
  • Forest plantations represent forest culture that has been raised by planting enriched plants (clones, cultivars or varieties), which is a way of growing is very intense, with the use of machinery and other methods to make up for what a short time achieve the best possible yields.
  • Reconstruction of forests – translating of degraded stands in a higher silvicultural form by using the logging and measures of care, ie. forest-breeding measures that do not involve afforestation.
  • Restitution is a way of translating the bad low forests and degraded forests into high, sowing seeds or planting seedlings of the same species from which it is built stands.
  • Substitution – a way of translating low and degraded forests into high, but total replacement of trees, ie. raising other types of forests.
  • Agroforestry is a combined activity between agriculture and forestry, which involves growing suitable tree species on agricultural land or the other way around.
  • Phytoremediation is a process for removing pollutants from the human environment by using green plants.
  • Afforestation is the creation of forests, in places where it was not a specific time (bare land, etc.).
  • Artificial restoration (rejuvenation) of forests, is sowing or planting native species of trees in areas where natural regeneration has failed or under protection of standing trees.
  • The dedicated culture represent all cultures in which one purpose is placed foregrounds, ahead of all other functions it has.

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