A Revolutionary Paleoindicator: Lepidoptera Scales


Moth scales, preserved in the mud of a coniferous forest lake, have been used to identify outbreaks of these insects over the past 10,000 years. This groundbreaking new technique, reported in the open-access journal Frontiers in Ecology and…

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Ecological groups of plants


For normal growth and development, plants need certain ecological conditions. The needs of plant species in relation to individual ecological factors are different. Knowledge of the ecological characteristics of woody and herbaceous species in relation…

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Bee products and Collecting honey and bees


Bee honey is a high quality food for humans, which has medicinal properties. Since mainly arises from the nectar (sweet juice of flowers), honey contains sugars (glucose and fructose), acids, macro and micro-elements (Ca, Na,…

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International Day of Forests – March 21


With the intention to highlight the importance of forests and their impact on the survival of humankind, the General Assembly of the European Confederation of Agriculture made a decision in 1971 that the day- 21…

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Amanita phalloides- death cap


Among the known mushrooms, this is the most toxic for man. All parts of mushrooms, including spores are toxic. Toxins remain stable for several years. It is recommended to wash your hands well after working…

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