A Revolutionary Paleoindicator: Lepidoptera Scales


Moth scales, preserved in the mud of a coniferous forest lake, have been used to identify outbreaks of these insects over the past 10,000 years. This groundbreaking new technique, reported in the open-access journal Frontiers in Ecology and…

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Oral apparatus of insects


Oral apparatus is an organ that is used for feeding insects. Consists of: Upper lip (labrum) The upper jaw (mandible) Lower jaw (maxilla) Lower lip (labium)

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Cephalon, Cervix and Antennas


Head (Cephalon) Head in insects is in a solid capsule, as a result of coalescence of the six segments of embryonic: akron, antenaly, interkalary, mandibulary, maxillary, labialis. On his head are his lip components consisting…

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Morphology of insects – The skin of insect


Insect body is enveloped in a solid body shell – the skin, which in arthropods gives the body a constant shape and firmness, and presents an external skeleton. It’s composed of a number of articles,…

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