A Revolutionary Paleoindicator: Lepidoptera Scales


Moth scales, preserved in the mud of a coniferous forest lake, have been used to identify outbreaks of these insects over the past 10,000 years. This groundbreaking new technique, reported in the open-access journal Frontiers in Ecology and…

Read More...

Ginkgo biloba – living fossil


GINKGO BILOBA Class: Ginkgopsida Order: Ginkgoales Family: Ginkgoaceae Ginkgo biloba – The only species that has survived to date on natural habitats in eastern China, as a relic – “living fossil” ever since (in Mesozoic…

Read More...

Ecological groups of plants


For normal growth and development, plants need certain ecological conditions. The needs of plant species in relation to individual ecological factors are different. Knowledge of the ecological characteristics of woody and herbaceous species in relation…

Read More...

Bee products and Collecting honey and bees


Bee honey is a high quality food for humans, which has medicinal properties. Since mainly arises from the nectar (sweet juice of flowers), honey contains sugars (glucose and fructose), acids, macro and micro-elements (Ca, Na,…

Read More...

International Day of Forests – March 21


With the intention to highlight the importance of forests and their impact on the survival of humankind, the General Assembly of the European Confederation of Agriculture made a decision in 1971 that the day- 21…

Read More...