Forestry book

A Revolutionary Paleoindicator: Lepidoptera Scales

A Revolutionary Paleoindicator: Lepidoptera Scales

Moth scales, preserved in the mud of a coniferous forest lake, have been used to identify outbreaks of these insects over the past 10,000 years. This groundbreaking new technique, reported in the open-access journal Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, can tell us more about the frequency and intensity of past and future insect epidemics, their impact on the forest environment and how they are linked to climate change.   […]

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Ginkgo biloba – living fossil

Ginkgo biloba – living fossil

GINKGO BILOBA Class: Ginkgopsida Order: Ginkgoales Family: Ginkgoaceae Ginkgo biloba – The only species that has survived to date on natural habitats in eastern China, as a relic – “living fossil” ever since (in Mesozoic – about 200 million years ago) of the richer genus Ginkgo. Today, Ginkgo biloba is monotypic not only in relation to the genus, but also with regard to family,order and […]

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Ecological groups of plants

Ecological groups of plants

For normal growth and development, plants need certain ecological conditions. The needs of plant species in relation to individual ecological factors are different. Knowledge of the ecological characteristics of woody and herbaceous species in relation to light, humidity, nutrition, is important for practical measures. Ecological groups include plant species that have more or less the same needs in relation to some of the ecological factors. […]

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Bee products and Collecting honey and bees

Bee products and Collecting honey and bees

Bee honey is a high quality food for humans, which has medicinal properties. Since mainly arises from the nectar (sweet juice of flowers), honey contains sugars (glucose and fructose), acids, macro and micro-elements (Ca, Na, P, Fe, Mg, Co, and other). In addition, bee honey contains ferments (diastase, invertase and calatase) and vitamins.

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International Day of Forests – March 21

International Day of Forests – March 21

With the intention to highlight the importance of forests and their impact on the survival of humankind, the General Assembly of the European Confederation of Agriculture made a decision in 1971 that the day- 21 March declare the World Day of forests.

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